To reach the goals of improving the efficiency of combined heat and power systems, while simultaneously widening the biomass feedstock base as well as increasing operational flexibility, the Bio-HyPP project aims to develop a full scale technology demonstrator of a hybrid power plant system – a combination of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and a micro gas turbine (MGT) – using biogas as main fuel in lab environment.
The focus of the technology demonstration plant is to prove the functional capability of the plant concept, followed by detailed characterisation and optimisation of the integration of its subsystems.
Bio-HyPP is a project funded under Horizon 2020. It started in June 2015 and will run for 4 years.
The partnership established to deliver the Bio-HyPP project is a well-balanced group, consisting of R&D organisations, industrial partners and market partners, with substantial experience and demonstrated capabilities covering the whole value chain and all the required expertise areas.
The goal of the project is to realize the Hybrid Power Plant concept as a reliable, cost-effective and fuel-flexible micro combined heat and power (CHP) system. Realizing this concept would validate the great potential of the hybrid plant concept as an efficient and energy-sustainable source of heat and electrical power.
The main objective is to move the technology beyond the state of the art to TRL 4. In addition, the Consortium intends to reach:
- Electrical efficiencies of more than 60% and total thermal efficiencies of more than 90% at base load conditions;
- An operational flexibility ranging from 25% to 100% electric power;
- The emission levels should not exceed 10 ppm NOx and 20 ppm CO (at 15% vol. residual oxygen);
- The system should allow the use of biogas with methane contents varying from 40-75%, thus covering the biogas qualities from the fermentation of the entire biomass feedstock range;
- An internal rate of return (IRR) of the system of higher than 15% should be achieved over a 20 years.
The high potential in biogas/bio-methane productivity in Europe from a wide range of wastes and by-products not in competition with the food chains from different sectors (agricultural, industrial and civil) represents a good opportunity towards the development and application of cost effective and robust micro-cogeneration solutions with increased electric energy efficiency and reduced waste heat, leading to these detailed benefits:
- Reduction of primary energy consumption through usage of biogas
- Reduction of energy losses and grid failures due to delocalization of energy production and exploitation of local bio-wastes
- Recovery of waste energy and enhanced environmental sustainability through Exploitation of organic waste with high biogas potential currently unexploited and therefore reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
Energetic, environmental and social impact
The reduction of the energy and environmental impact is the most important element of the project, as all the research undertaken within the work packages is working towards the most efficient technology for biogas conversion. This will contribute to significantly increase technology performance and to reduce life-cycle environmental impact. The system is also attractive to be used to provide secondary and tertiary control power to the electricity supply system to balance unexpected fluctuations between electric power input and electric power demand.